Known as painful bladder syndrome; Interstitial Cystitis is the particular condition wherein our bladder suffers from pressure and pain. Bladder is responsible for storing our urine. This muscular hollow organ when full with urine sends this signal to the brain through pelvic nerve. It results in an urge to most people to go for urination. However few persons suffering from Interstitial Cystitis feel to urinate frequently and in smaller quantities as compared to the normal people. Women are more prone to this problem that affects them in adverse manners.
Symptoms – Women affected with Interstitial Cystitis usually suffer from pain in the pelvis or between the anus & vagina. Male patients experience painful sensations between the anus and scrotum. The urge for urination is frequent and makes the persons to urinate urgently. Quantity of urine is too less. Sexual intercourse is also associated with pain amongst the patients. Patients feel discomfort when the bladder gets filled with urine and pain is reduced after its emptying. Chronic pelvic pain is also the major sign of this disease. Interstitial Cystitis patients suffering from urinary tract infection may suffer with worsened symptoms.
Causes – Toxic substances that irritate the bladder wall because of leakage in the epithelium may be responsible for Interstitial Cystitis. Any problem with one’s epithelium, i.e. the protective lining of the bladder may also result in this disease. Allergy, infection, heredity or autoimmune reaction may also cause occurrence of Interstitial Cystitis. Age also plays a great role. Fibromyalgia is also considered as one of the major causes of this disease that is more common in the women.
Diagnosis – The physician usually ask for the medical history of the patients to diagnose the problem. Certain tests including pelvic exam, urine test, potassium sensitivity test, cystoscopy or biopsy may be done by the doctor to assess the causes and treatment.
Treatment – Timely treatment of this disease is a must otherwise it may lead to certain complications. Carelessness in curing may result in reduced bladder capacity, sexual disorders and emotional troubles etc. Patients may be suggested to take Tricyclic antidepressants, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Pentosan (Elmiron) or Antihistamines that give sufficient relief from Interstitial Cystitis.
Certain patients may be advised to undergo nerve stimulation. Other treatment methods including physical therapy, bladder distention and instilling the medicines into the bladder are also good. Surgery involving bladder augmentation, resection and Fulguration may also be necessitated in certain cases.
Rich diets are a must for the patients that should stick to timely urination and avoid frequent urinating. Smoking should be quit without any delay. Wearing loose clothes is good and exercises also help to reduce the symptoms of Interstitial Cystitis. One should avoid taking stress as it also leads to repeated urination. Those suffering from this disease may opt for Acupuncture or guided imagery therapy that also facilitates good relief from painful sensations because of Interstitial Cystitis. Doctor should be consulted to adopt for any particular treatment method or a combination of different strategies to get rid of Interstitial Cystitis.