Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease which is contagious in nature. It is mainly transmitted from an infected person to other via sexual contact or through contact with the infected bodily fluids. Mostly people who have multiple sex partners are bound to suffer from this health condition. Apart from sexual contact, gonorrhea may also spread from mother to the newborn child during child birth via infection in the bodily fluids. This condition is also called as ‘clap’ or ‘drip’.
This health condition may be found equally in people of both the genders. It is to be noted that gonorrhea is chiefly caused by bacterium called as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This bacterium can grow and multiply easily in the mucus membranes of the body. Warm and moist areas such as those found in the reproductive tract including the cervix, womb/uterus and fallopian tubes in women as well as in the urethra of men and women invite growth of this bacterium. Additionally, the bacteria can also grow and multiple easily in the anus, mouth and throat. Gonorrhea also comes under the category of STD’s or sexually transmitted diseases.
What causes gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is mainly a sexually transmitted disease and is caused via bacterium that grows in warm and moist atmosphere inside the body. Oral and anal sex is also held responsible for causing gonorrhea. It may also be caused in the newborn babies via contact with the infected bodily fluids of their mothers. Unhealthy sexual behavior is also one of the causative factors for occurrence of this health condition. Drug may also sometimes result in this dreadful health condition.
What are the signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea?
The signs and symptoms of gonorrhea may differ to some extent in men and women. The chief symptoms clearly evident in the people of two sexes are as given below.
Gonorrhea symptoms in women
- Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic region
- Discharge of green or yellow liquid from vagina
- Redness and itchiness of the eyes which is also called as conjunctivitis
- Experience of burning sensation during urination
- Blood spots or spotting following intercourse
- Bleeding amid periods
- Vulvitis or swelling of the vulva
- Swelling of glands in the throat as a result of oral sex
- Burning sensation in the throat again due to oral sex
Gonorrhea symptoms in men
- Discharge of yellow or green fluid or liquid from the penis
- Burning sensation during urination
- Pain and swelling in the testicles
- Swelling of the glands in the throat as a consequent of oral sex
It is to be noted that the symptoms of gonorrhea may appear in 4-5 days after the infection in women whereas these are visible in 2-14 days of the infection in men. Also the symptoms may appear mildly or severely in different people as per unique or individual physical conditions.
Is gonorrhea curable?
Yes gonorrhea is curable provided it is diagnosed and treated at initial stages. Mostly antibiotics are administered to treat this health issue. These may be used in the form of injections or oral medicines.