Many people suffer from backache and pain in their neck. It may be the cause of Cervical Spondylosis, most commonly known as Arthritis of the Neck, Cervical osteoarthritis or Grivasandhigatvata.
Causes – Persistent wear on the cervical spine is the major cause of Cervical Spondylosis. Joints between the bones of the cervical spine and the cushions or disks between the neck vertebrae may be involved. Unusual growth or spurs on the spine bones may also lead to this problem. It may be caused due to involvement in sports activities. The legs and the arms may also be affected due to Cervical Spondylosis.
Inactivity may also result in this disorder that is caused because of obesity. Certain job related compulsions may also be behind this disorder that may occur because of lifting of heavy weight or twisting and bending tasks. People with previous neck injuries or spine surgeries are prone to this problem. Acute arthritis problems; slipped or ruptured disk and minor spine fractures due to osteoporosis may also cause Cervical Spondylosis.
Symptoms – Persons suffering from Cervical Spondylosis often complain of neck pain that may be mild in the beginning but worsen afterwards. One may find it difficult to move. Shoulder blade may also be affected and the pain may spread to forearms, upper arm and in certain cases to the fingers too. It may become intolerable during night, while sitting, standing laughing, coughing or sneezing. Walking shorter distances may also become difficult due to this disorder.
People affected with this disorder suffer from weakened muscles, difficulty in lifting the arms and other such problems. Usually the neck becomes hard and patients suffer from unusual sensations and numbness.
Headaches are also quite common. Few patients may suffer from imbalance and irregular bowel movements too.
Diagnosis – The doctor may diagnose the problem by carrying out x-ray of the spine or the neck to assess the possibility of arthritis or other problems. MRI may also be necessitated if the patient complains of acute pain in the arms or the neck. Numbness or weakness of these parts may also require the MRI test. Nerve root function may require nerve conduction velocity or EMG.
Treatment – NSAIDs may be recommended by the doctor. He or she may suggest narcotics if the problem is serious and the patients are not benefited with the NSAIDs.
The patients may be advised to undergo physical therapy with the help of stretches. Relevant exercises help to make the muscles stronger enough. Neck traction may be necessitated for enough relief. Massage therapy is also much helpful for the patients that may seek acupuncture or spinal manipulation too. Heat and cold packs therapies also work wonders for this problem. Cognitive behavioral therapy also gives much relief. Surgery may be required if there is loss of feeling or movement. It is good to reduce pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves.
Taking fiber- rich diets, garlic, fruits, vegetables, minerals and vitamins is beneficial for the patients. They are advised to perform neck exercises, massage the neck and other affected areas. Stress should be avoided. Driving on the roads with pits is prohibited. Proper hydration and sufficient rest is also a must.